What's hot in the garden this year!

What's hot in the garden this year!

The ANAHEIM TMR23

is a long mild Chile which can be used for stuffing or for stews. It is about eight inches long. Days to maturity are about 75. This is the Chile which is sold as "Long Green" in western US supermarkets. Heat Scale is 1-2.

The Cherry Bomb

is a Petoseed hybrid which has drawn rave reviews from our friends who saw the picture of it while we were in Jamaica. It is bright red and round, and looks like the firework which it is named for. This could be grown as an ornamental even if you are not into heat. Heat 2500 to 5000 Scovilles, thick walled like Jalapeno, 65-70 days from transplants.

Cherry Bomb F1 Hybrid This plant produces globular fruit. Each of the peppers matures green to red. This plant is unique because the mature plant is smaller than most pepper plants. This plant also may yield peppers earlier than most plants. Size is 2.5 inch by 1.5 inch. Heat level is 6.5 Matures in 50 days. 4,000 SHU. TMV tolerant.


The Habanero

Habanero [ah-bah-NEH-roh]. This chile belongs to the Capsicum Chinense family of peppers, of South American origin. In Mexico it is planted exclusively in the Yucatan Peninsula, where it was probably introduced from Cuba, which might explain its popular name "Habanero". The Habanero is one of the world's hottest chile. Its heat level is 10. For the uninitiated even a tiny piece of Habanero would cause intense and prolonged oral suffering. Underneath the heat is a delicate plum-tomato apple-like flavour. The riper red ones have a sweetness that gives them a mouthwatering appeal. Grown in Mexico and the Caribbean. It has an irregular spheroid shape, with a small point, and is around 5 cm long by 3.25-4.5 cm wide. It is available in green, yellow, scarlet and deep red. It has a number of close relatives such as Scotch Bonnet and Rocoto. It is used mainly raw because it loses subtlety, but not heat, when cooked. Seed catalogues list from 75 to 125 days to harvest. This is in addition to 50 to 80 days of indoor growth and up to 30 days for germination. Slow to germinate, must be grown in warm, moist conditions. The Habanero when ripe or dried and powdered has a unique apricot scent. 300,000 SHU.

The Hungarian Hot Wax

Hungarian Hot Wax Medium-hot peppers, especially good for pickling. Canary yellow, then bright red at maturity. 6 to 8 inches long and 2 inches wide. Plants grow to 2 feet. 75 days to ripen. Heat level is 4. (Capsicum annuum).

The MIRASOL

is a 4" x 3/4" chile which is medium in heat. MIRASOL means "Looking at the Sun" which describes its erect growth habit. Fruits ripen from green to translucent red an have a fruity flavor. 2500 to 5000 Scoville Units. 80 days.

Mirasol Mirasol's melodious name translates to "looking at the sun" This selected cultivar has 3 inch elongated pointed pods that grow in erect, upright clusters at the tops of 2 foot tall sturdy plants. Mature pods are a lovely bright red. From Mexico. Mirasol has a distinctive flavour, combining a hint of strawberry in its medium hot pungency. Also called Chile Trompa(Elephant's trunk). 80 days. Suitable for growing in containers. Heat level 8. 2,500-5,000 SHU. (Capsicum annuum).


The PEQUIN (Piquin)

is one of the ancestors of domesticated chiles. Very tiny and slightly pointed, it grows wild in South Texas and Mexico and many Texans carry dried Pequins with them they travel because it has a unique flavor and heat. This chile is very small and the plant can be grown in a pot and brought indoors. The seeds are considered difficult to start so follow our growing tips carefully. 120 days or more from transplants, better yields the second year. Heat scale 8.5. Shown on the SECO Poster, a relative, the Macho is shown on the FRESCO Poster. You won't find this chile down at the local nursery!

Pequin (Piquin) [PEE-KIN] It's name simply means small, and refers to the tiniest chiles - which are almost invariably among the hottest. Heat level is 8-9. There are many varieties, some round and some conical. Others are called Bravo, Mosquito, Pequeno, Turkey Pepper (Texas), Grove Pepper (in orange groves, Southern Florida), and Pring-kee-new [Rat-turd pepper] (Thailand), Birds Eye, Amash, Amomo, Chilillo, Chilipiquin, Chilpaya, Chilpequin, Chiltipiquin, Del monte, Huarahuao and Tuxtla. 120 days or more from transplants, better yields the second year. Related to the wild form called Tepin/Chiltepin. Heat level 8.5. (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum) 50,000 SHU.


The SUPER CAYENNE

is a super productive early cayenne hybrid. Fruits are 1/2" x 6" slightly twisted and ripen from light green to dark red. At 50-60K Scoville Units, it is hot, but not as hot as CHARLESTON CAYENNE. 65 to 70 days from transplants.

Super Cayenne F1 Hybrid 7.5 cm twisted dark red pepper. Plants grow to 60 cm. Heat level is 8. 70-72 days. Very early and productive slim cayenne-type. The 3.5 inch by 0.5 inch fruit matures from green to red. Plant is heavily branched.


The SUPER CHILI

is an ALL AMERICA SELECTION. Bred for exceptional yields, SUPER CHILI IS a mirasol type hybrid. Small fruits are 35-40K Scoville units and ripen from green to orange to red and can be harvested 75-80 days from transplants. According to the breeder, it is not unusual to have 300 fruits on a plant.

Super Chile As it matures, its colour changes from green to red. It's very hot to the taste when ripe. Use it as an ornamental plant, a hybrid plant or a compact plant. The pod size is 1 inch by 1/2 inch.


The TABASCO

is the Chile that made a landmark of New Iberia Louisiana. This Chile is small, narrow, and very hot! (137,500 SU in our test) Pods are 1" to 1 1/2" long. For us the plant is not very prolific the first year, produces better the second year, and the plant is small enough to bring inside for the winter. 125-140 days from transplants. This has proved to be the slowest ripening of all our Chiles.

Tabasco The Tabasco chile originated from a state of that name in south-east Mexico, where the land is mostly flat and marshy, and it is hot and humid with extensive jungles. The Tabasco no longer grows there, but will be found in New Iberia, Louisiana, the home of the famous sauce company of the same name where it has grown since at least 1850. Tabasco chiles are also grown by the sauce makers in Venezuela, Guatemala and elsewhere. The Tabasco grows pointing upwards, is bright red when picked, 4 cm long by 1 cm wide, and has a heat level of 9. 30,000 to 50,000 Scoville units. (Capsicum frutescens). Tabasco plants grow into compact bushes 1 to 4 feet high, bearing around 100 pointed 1 1/2 inch pods. 50,000 SHU


The TEPIN

or Chiltepin is another of the wild chile types. It has very small (fingernail sized) round bright red fruits and is much favored by birds. It is often found growing under trees where birds roost (probably planted with its own little fertilizer packet. According to The Whole Chile Pepper Book, wholesale prices for Chiltepins were $48.00 per pound in 1988. This is probably because it takes a lot of them to make a pound. Also considered difficult to start, so follow the Growing tips carefully. Heat scale 8. 90-100 days or more. Shown on both the Fresco and Seco Posters.

Tepin Most experts believe the Tepin, also called Chiltepin, is the original wild chile - the plant from which all others have evolved. It is a tiny round berry slightly larger than a peppercorn. It is very decorative and bright scarlet in colour and, despite its high heat level, it is attractive to wild birds, who helped to distribute it across the prehistoric Americas. Other name include Chile Mosquito, Chile de Pajaro, Chile Silvestre or Tecpintle. One ounce of this dried pepper with seeds removed will produce a detectable hotness in 50,000 ounces (over 300 gallons) of salsa! Heat level is 8.


Another must for salsas is the TOMATILLO which is not a "Little Tomato", but a member of the Physalis family which includes ground cherries and chinese lantern plants. The fruits taste something like a slightly sour Tomato. This plant sprawls and takes up a lot of space. 60 days from transplanting. Harvest when fruit is 1 1/2" in diameter, is green or yellow and the outside husk has started to dry. One plant should be more than enough for a families needs. Included in our salsa package. This variety is called TOMA VERDE.
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Last Updated: 17-MAR-99